ALLANBLACKIA FLORIBUNDA PDF

Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.

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To extract the fat, seeds are dried and crushed; the resulting allanlackia is mixed with water and boiled until the fat separates and floats to the surface, from where it is scooped off. Extraction yield, efficiency and loss of the traditional hot water flotation HWF method of oil extraction from the seeds of Allanblackia floribunda.

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allanblackla In Nigeria it is used in construction of local houses[ ]. Edible nuts of the world. Allanblackia floribunda is a common understorey tree of lowland closed evergreen rainforest and riverine forest, and also in secondary and swamp forest, up to m altitude.

Collection of the seeds and wildlings may locally influence the natural regeneration. Seedling with hypogeal germination. Adulterations and substitutes The fat from the seeds of Allanblackia floribunda is very similar in composition to that of Allanblackia parviflora A. The seed oils of A. Physicochemical analysis of the Cameroonian Allanblackia floribunda Oliver seeds oil extract. Superior, incompletely five-celled, stigma sessile, staminal bundles reduced to a few free 4—5 mm long staminodes, disk glands grooved.

The food products that contain Allanblackia seed oil include vegetable-based dairy products, ice cream, and spreads [ 25 ]. To extract the seeds, fruits are crushed between the hands and seeds are rubbed clean. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. The oil yield obtained from solvent extraction was higher than from the manual expression A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[ ].

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The flowering plants of Africa. The harvesting season is long from January to April and in some places peaks coincide with labour demands on the farm or with the harvest season of other forest products. Flowering occurs during a large part of the year, in particular from January to September.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The tree’s fruit are not really edible but its seeds flofibunda the source of Allanblackia Oil [1] long used by local populations.

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Under natural conditions, trees start flowering after about 12 years. An analytical key to the genera of African phanerogams.

Edible wild plants of Tanzania. Table 1 Botanical characteristics of three species of Allanblackia of commercial interest [ 101112 ]. Results from detailed, systematic, comparative analyses of the chemical composition of seeds from species of Allanblackia have not been made publically available. Collection of seed from wild stands is possible, but its economical viability is poor, except possibly in areas where Allanblackia floribunda is most common. A new source for food, oil and ecosystem services.

The weight of seeds is about 1 kg. One study, however, has been conducted with A. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The medium-sized tree up to 30 meters tall is evergreen and dioecious male and female flowers on different plants. The primary and secondary metabolite constituency of the seed oils of nearly all Allanblackia species is still poorly known. Only when oil derived from the correct plant species and plant part unadulterated is used can the product be deemed safe for human consumption and assessed as to whether it has the chemical constituency that it claims.

It is fairly easy to work with hand and machine tools. Secondary metabolites belonging to the classes of carotenoids, terpenes, saponins, or tannins were not detected in the oil in this study.

Trees are left on the farms when clearing the land for vloribunda and managed especially for shading cocoa[ ]. Proximate, phytochemical and mineral compositions of seeds of Allanblackia floribundaGarcinia kola and Poga oleosa from Nigerian rainforest.

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Breeding Selection of high-yielding trees for seed collection and vegetative multiplication has started recently. Fruits are stored under a cover of leaves to allow the fruit pulp to disintegrate.

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Distribution and ecology of Allanblackia spp. Specific medicinal applications for the seeds, however, in the traditional medicinal systems found in this region, and no bioactive secondary metabolites have yet been isolated from the plant [ 48 ].

Proper botanical identification of the species used is important, since only authenticated oil can be deemed safe for floribynda consumption when included in functional food products.

Allanblackia Oil: Phytochemistry and Use as a Functional Food

Allanblackia klainei Pierre ex A. Another study, in which A. Numerous, in 5 bundles opposite the petals, 10—15 mm long, anthers arranged on the internal face of the bundle; disk star-shaped with deeply folded glands. Incentives for Ecoagriculture Landscapes. In addition, the distributional areas of the species rarely overlap in nature, with trees of A. The weight of seeds is about 1 kg.

sllanblackia Allanblackia parviflora Seed Oil The seed oil from A. It grows best in areas where the maximum mean annual temperature ranges from 24 – 33c, whilst the minimum can fall below 10c. During the Great War, Allanblackia oil was used as a substitute for cocoa butter during the manufacture of chocolate [ 14 ].

When considering the implications of the use of Allanblackia seed oil as a functional food or functional food component, it is important to keep in mind that individual SFAs have different effects on blood cholesterol levels. The seed oil from A. Fruitiers sauvages du Cameroun.