How to Read Donald Duck is a book-length essay by Ariel Dorfman and Armand Mattelart .. Both the Spanish title Para Leer al Pato Donald and the literal English title How to Read Donald .. 41–45; ^ Jump up to: McClennen ( ), p. by Ariel Dorfman First published Sort by. title, original Para Leer al Pato Donald: Comunicación de Masas y Colonialismo (Paperback). Published Para acceder al conocimiento, que es una forma de poder, no podemos seguir suscribiendo con la vista y la lengua vendadas, los rituales de iniciación con que .

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Editions of How to Read Donald Duck: Imperialist Ideology in the Disney Comic by Ariel Dorfman

Consequently, social authority is depicted as ever-lasting and never challenged. But the critics influenced by them focused on examining the narratives of feature-length films. The Central Intelligence Agency CIA supported local political movements and cultural organizations which were opposed to socialism. The global situation to which Berger referred to was not, however, unique to the Disney comics. The writers argued that the narratives of the comics featured ideological support for businessfor individualismand consumer capitalism[18] elements which were in opposition to the socialist values of egalitarianismdemocracyand collectivism.

Para leer al Pato Donald

How to Read Donald Duck has inspired a critical tradition in Latin America, dedicated to the study of the relationship between culture and dependency. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding mattlart removing subheadings. It was part of a cultural counter-offensive, intended to free Chile from American cultural influence. Kunzle recognized that the stories contained elements of satire and social realismelements often lacking in the world of comics.


Lastly, he writes that Barks cartoons include social criticism and even anti-capitalist and anti-imperialist references. Tomlinson examines the identification of imperialist ideology as defined by the book.

The notion is that the value of products is displaced from the labor that produces them and misconceived as emanating from the products itself. This allowed Chilean media owned by opposition forces, to big press agencies, and to transnational cultural industries to freely express their point of view. He was advised to flee the country for his own safety, but was initially paato to do so.

The Walt Disney Animation Studios was responsible for Disney’s theatrical animated films, while the comics were created under license by various publishers. These exotic lands are depicted as the source of wealth which is sought by Western adventurers, and their wealth as simply “there for the taking”.

Smoodin noted that by the s, there was a new-found mattlart of Disney in the realm of film studies. Overcopies of the work had been sold.

Para leer al pato Donald. Comunicación de masas y colonialismo

In the view of Dorfman and Mattelart, the character Donald Duck is a pathological rogue. The front was controlled by the CIA. The writers of How to Read Donald Duck questioned the innocence of the fictional characters who presented “global” values in seemingly timeless stories featuring winners and losers.

He decided to serve the cause by becoming one of its writers and culture workers. Dorfman and his co-writer later explained their intent to use their work as a tool towards “cultural liberation”. Several of the stories date to the mids, when Barks was facing censorship of his work due to a new set of taboos in American comic books.

Dorfman attained Chilean citizenship inand returned to Chile in This means the concept of the family is destroyed within their context. The Disney ducks were often dispatched in distant lands on apparent civilizing missions. He became part of a successful socialist revolutionsone of the few of its kind to rise in power through peaceful means.


His romantic notion of dividing the world into “bad guys and good guys”, and media texts into “good texts” and “bad texts” turned out to be overly simplistic and unrealistic. According to McClennen, the book has had a “seminal impact” on theories of art and society within the region. But the poverty of the latter is attributed to the ignorance of the barbarians who inhabit them. Later hearings by the United States Senate revealed that these press campaigns maytelart often financed by the intelligence agencies of the United States.

They used this dorfmxn to create press campaigns against Allende’s government and its reform programme.

The natives ask the Ducks to teach them something to improve their good spirits. The writers of the book erroneously assumed that mattrlart Disney studio controlled both media.

His publisher and the authors of the original book were unfamiliar with Barks’ work and more interested in maintaining political orthodoxy paho striving for accuracy. But has also defended the importance of the forms of art of low culturesuch as cartoonschildren’s literatureand advertising. Donald Duck is frequently depicted as bored with his life and dreaming of his next adventure.